The Amarna tablets (most are letters) archive mostly diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan and Amurru during the New Kingdom. The letters were found in Upper Egypt at Amarna, the modern name for the Egyptian capital of Akhetaten (el-Amarna), founded by pharaoh Akhenaten (1350s – 1330s BC) during the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. The correspondence spans a period of at most thirty years. The known tablets total 382.
Some of these letters, comprising cuneiform tablets mostly written in Akkadian – the regional language of diplomacy for this period – were first discovered around 1887 by local Egyptians.
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